|Title: ||MBA’s Senior Vice President Kurt Pfotenhauer Testifies On H.R. 3915 -- The Mortgage Reform and Anti-Predatory Lending Act of 2007|
WASHINGTON, DC (October 24, 2007) — Kurt Pfotenhauer, Senior Vice President of Government Affairs and Public Policy for the Mortgage Bankers Association (MBA)
testified today before the House Committee on Financial Services on H.R. 3915, The Mortgage Reform and Anti-Predatory Lending
Act of 2007.
The following is his oral statement, as prepared for delivery.
“Mr. Chairman, Ranking Member Bachus, it has been a long day for all of us, so I will be brief.
I’d like to start where credit is due. Mr. Chairman, as per your word, the process that has brought us to the introduction
of your bill has been deliberative and open.
As markets have become more and more volatile, you, your colleagues and your staff have stayed focused. You’ve placed making
policy ahead of scoring political points. Your staff are knowledgeable and professional. Thank you. Your approach is refreshing
and it keeps us focused on policy rather than personality and politics.
I’d like to add one other thing in the general category of compliment. This bill is well thought out, and if enacted, it
will be extraordinarily consequential. That comment does not, of course, signal agreement, but is intended to recognize the
thought and the effort that went into this ambitious proposal and to concede upfront that your hard work justifiably gives
you some insulation from the common industry charge that your bill is fraught with the danger of unintended consequence.
Indeed, I rather suspect that you intend much of the consequence that would result from this bill. Which begs the question,
is your approach, the right approach?
Members of the committee, if they don’t understand, should understand that if H.R. 3915 becomes law, some people will be locked
out of the mortgage market, many of whom would have been successful homeowners. Lowering the HOEPA triggers, establishing
the ability to repay and net tangible benefits tests and eliminating some products from the market will have this effect.
The question for this committee is whether the protections that this bill provides are worth that price.
85% of subprime borrowers are paying their mortgages on time. It’s an open question, how many would even qualify for a loan
under the proposed regulatory construct. The alternative to eliminating borrowers from the market is to prepare them for
the market. In that respect, we urge the Chairman to tackle the lack of transparency in the origination space. Streamlining
the mortgage process and improving disclosures are essential to helping borrowers help themselves.
In my remaining time, I’d like to flag two areas of significant concern.
First, there is what I’d call a “soft suitability” standard in evidence in several sections of the bill. For example, Section
103, dealing with steering, asks the regulators to “promote the interest of the consumer in obtaining the best terms” for
a mortgage. While this is guidance to the regulators and not a direct requirement for lenders, we believe that the regulators
will take this guidance and either attempt to define the “best” product for a borrower or force lenders to do so. We understand
that your goal is to assist consumers in identifying the best loan product for themselves. With your permission we will work
with your staff to re-phrase these areas of concern in a way that preserves your intent while stopping short of encouraging
a suitability standard by regulation.
Finally, let me state clearly that the Mortgage Bankers Association supports legislation to establish a consumer protection
standard in the mortgage market for any number of reasons, one of which is because the patchwork quilt of state and local
predatory lending laws is an impediment to the smooth and efficient operation of a national mortgage market. We believe that
any bill must include broad pre-emptions that give borrowers a single consumer protection standard, and give lenders the certainty
of a single standard to live up to.
This bill as currently drafted is not pre-emptive. As the Committee already knows, this prevents MBA from offering our support.
Despite our lack of support, we would like to continue to work with you in a constructive way to improve this bill. My written
testimony suggests a number of fixes that will make the bill a better product. Some of them merely clarify what is in HR
3915. Others are alternative approaches to the same goal. Still others are areas where we may have to agree to disagree.
I do not think there should be any surprise here today that the Mortgage Bankers Association is going to oppose some elements
of this bill. But I hope that there is likewise no surprise that the Mortgage Bankers Association will continue to work with
you in a spirit of constructive good will, to make this bill better.”
The Mortgage Bankers Association (MBA) is the national association representing the real estate finance industry, an industry
that employs more than 280,000 people in virtually every community in the country. Headquartered in Washington, D.C., the
association works to ensure the continued strength of the nation's residential and commercial real estate markets; to expand
homeownership and extend access to affordable housing to all Americans. MBA promotes fair and ethical lending practices and
fosters professional excellence among real estate finance employees through a wide range of educational programs and a variety
of publications. Its membership of over 2,200 companies includes all elements of real estate finance: mortgage companies,
mortgage brokers, commercial banks, thrifts, Wall Street conduits, life insurance companies and others in the mortgage lending
field. For additional information, visit MBA's Web site: www.mba.org.